At the most basic stage, good vocal singing is centered on recognizing and reaching a certain note correctly and in sequence. Many experienced singers have their hearing trained to routinely recognize a note's pitch, so that they can recreate the appropriate notes without actually listening to the song again. If you want to improve as a performer, you have to also learn to coach yourself to identify notes and pitches by ear alone. Some people are blessed with "perfect pitch" – an inborn talent to recognize notes – but this is an ability that can be learned through training.
But just what exactly is pitch? Almost all instruments, such as the human voice, are literally qualified to produce an limitless number of notes, with only the most minuscule and tiny differences among each note. When instruments are "tuned," a qualified ear detects the actual fixed sound they desire for a particular note. All the other notes created by the musical instrument are then played utilizing this sound as a benchmark. In addition, someone performing "off key" or "off pitch" refers to an individual that is not singing according to the recognized convention of the song. Typically, musicians use a middle C or E as the reference tuning sound.
The real strategy to the right vocal guidance and to understand the right way to recognize notes and chords by ear is through repetitive listening and singing back. It may help to get some competent guidance on this subject since a skilled vocal coach will already have a trained ear and can provide comments on your evolution. Having said that, however, one can find a few drills that you can rehearse exclusively on your own to cultivate your ear and pitch recognition.
Products you will need: A microphone for you to capture yourself on computer. However a cassette tape recorder also works well. A musical instrument that has already been perfectly tuned and in pitch. Accepted choices are a keyboard piano, guitar, or violin. Furthermore a device designed for tuning such as a Chromatic Tuner also is useful. If you have no access to any tuned instruments, use the Virtual Piano, as a final measure. It's functional, but a live musical instrument always yields best results.
Use the instrument to play a single note C, which is within your usual vocal range. You should listen to the note then play it again. This time sing along with the note as you play. Repeat this action, moving on up-wards through several notes of the scale. Persist with this routine, moving downwards through the bottom range of the scale. Then repeat the exercise once more using random notes
Once you feel confident recreating the pitch of notes you hear, you're in a position to move on to more complicated drills. Play the chord C, or notes C, E, and G at once. Play the C chord again, tuning in for the specific note E and make an effort to sing it. Repeat the routine listening to individual notes within the chord until you can perceive and sing each of them very easily. Repeat this exercise with the chords D, E, F and G. Replicate this exercise using random chords. Repeat this exercise using minor chords, until you feel comfortable hearing and recreating every note from whatever chord on just about every scale.
Source by John Christianson